Trees and woodland

Ancient juniper, El Hierro

We offer services in consultancy, practical work, teaching/training and research.

Planning and development (BS5837)

Health and safety




Trees in relation to design, demolition and construction.

Tree surveys, Tree Constraints Plans, Arboricultural Impact Assessments, Tree Protection Plans and Arboricultural Method Statements.

Determining which trees to retain during development and how to do so successfully.

Top tip – get this done before you design your layout because trees will influence it.

Note – we assess bat roost potential at the same time so you don’t have to pay for two different surveys.

Example of BS5837 output
Proper protection system (although the fence should have been right on the edge of the ground protection)
Ground protection mattress
Ancient boundary-marking beech pollard
How NOT to do it (1)
How NOT to do it (2)

Health and safety

Hazard and risk assessment in relation to property damage and personal safety.

We are supporters of the NTSG publication (

We use VTA (Visual Tree Assessment). We favour THREATS or ISA’s TRA systems.

We are not big fans of internal decay detecting devices because interpretation of their output is no less subjective than VTA but we do use them in some cases.

Bark-ringed tree – great habitat creation or H&S nightmare?
This was a case of when, not if
Many species of tree are ‘meant’ to become hollow
This oak has ‘included’ a Victorian metal tree guard or old bench


There is a lot of evidence to show that trees as part of agricultural systems increase yields (long term) by moderating weather extremes, protecting and improving soils, diversifying crops, reducing inputs (irrigation, pesticides or fertilisers) and making more robust ecosystems.

Dehesa, Spain
Traditional cider orchard being planted


We are experts in tree and woodland management. From planting design and establishment plans, through aftercare, to harvesting (whether that be a seed or fruit crop or the timber itself).

Chestnut coppice, Surrey – traditionally for walking sticks, nowadays for fencing materials
Formative pruning of cork oaks, Andalucia
Experimental forestry establishment plots
We love a pollard – they can increase the lifespan of a tree many times over